Colden V. Baxter

Department of Biological Sciences
Idaho State University


Phone: (208) 251-5980
Curriculum Vitae
Link to Google Scholar page


Research conducted in the Stream Ecology Center focuses on rivers and streams, but more generally on the ecological linkages between water, land and people. Reciprocal connections such as those between streams, floodplains, and riparian forests are critical to watershed ecosystems, and they couple land and water in their vulnerability to the agents of global environmental change. Research led by Dr. Baxter is aimed at improving our understanding of the basic nature of such connections and the consequences of their disruption by human activities, but also contributing to better-informed conservation and stewardship.

Recent Publications

Baxter, C.V. T.A. Kennedy, S.W. Miller, J.D. Muehlbauer, and L.A. Smock. 2017. Macroinvertebrate drift, adult insect emergence and oviposition. pp. 435-456 In F. R. Hauer and G. A. Lamberti, editors. Methods in stream ecology. Academic Press, San Diego. 3rd Edition.

Kennedy, T.A., J.D. Muehlbauer, C.B. Yackulic, D.A. Lytle, S.W. Miller, K. L. Dibble, E.W. Kortenhoeven, A.N. Metcalfe and C.V. Baxter. 2016. Flow management for hydropower extirpates aquatic insects, undermining river food webs. BioScience 66: 561-575.

Mejia, F.H., C.V. Baxter, E.K. Berntsen, and A.K. Fremier. 2016. Linking groundwater-surface water exchange to food production and salmonid growth. Canadian Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences 73:1650–1660.

Rosi-Marshall, E.J., K. Vallis, C.V. Baxter and J.M. Davis. 2016. Retesting a prediction of the RCC: Autochthonous versus allochthonous resources in the diets of invertebrates from the Salmon River, ID in 1976 and 2009. Freshwater Science 35 (2) doi: 10.1086/686302.

Collins, S.F., C.V. Baxter, A.M. Marcarelli and M.S. Wipfli. 2016. Effects of experimentally added salmon subsidies on resident fishes via direct and indirect pathways. Ecosphere 7(3).

Harris, H.E., C.V. Baxter and J.M. Davis. 2015. Debris flows mediate effects of wildfire on magnitude and composition of tributary subsidies to main-stem habitats. Freshwater Science 34(4):1457–1467.

Verkaik, I., Vila-Escalι, M., Rieradevall, M., Baxter, C.V., Lake, P.S., Minshall, G.W., Reich, P., and Prat, N. 2015. Stream macroinvertebrate community responses to fire: are they the same in different fire-prone biogeographic regions? Freshwater Science 34(4):1527–1541.

Collins, S. F., A.M. Marcarelli, C.V. Baxter, and M.S. Wipfli. 2015. A critical assessment of the ecological assumptions underpinning compensatory mitigation of salmon-derived nutrients. Environmental Management 3:571-586.

Walters, D.M., E.J. Rosi-Marshall, T.A. Kennedy, W.F. Cross and C.V. Baxter. 2015. Mercury and selenium contamination in the Colorado River food web, Grand Canyon, USA. Environmental Toxicology and Chemistry. Available on-line early.

Jackson, B.K., S.M.P. Sullivan, C.V. Baxter and R.L. Malison. 2015. Stream Riparian Ecosystems. Chapter 5 in The Ecological Importance of High-Severity Fire, D.A. DellaSala and C. Hanson, eds. Elsevier.

Bellmore, J. R., C.V. Baxter, and P.J. Connolly. 2015. Spatial complexity reduces interaction strengths in the meta-food web of a river floodplain mosaic. Ecology 96:274–283.

Collins, S. F. and C.V. Baxter. 2014. Heterogeneity of riparian habitats mediates responses of terrestrial arthropods to a subsidy of Pacific salmon carcasses. Ecosphere 5(11):146.

Zahn Seegert, S.E., E.J. Rosi-Marshall, C.V. Baxter, T.A. Kennedy, R.O. Hall, Jr., and W.F. Cross. 2014. High diet overlap between native small-bodied fishes and non-native Fathead Minnow in the Colorado River, Grand Canyon, Arizona. Transactions of the American Fisheries Society 143:1072-1083.

Marcarelli, A.M., C.V. Baxter and M.S. Wipfli. 2014. Nutrient additions to mitigate for loss of Pacific salmon: consequences for stream biofilm and nutrient dynamics. Ecosphere 5(6):69.

Bellmore, J. R. and C.V. Baxter. 2014. Effects of geomorphic process domains on the structure and function of aquatic ecosystems: a comparison of floodplain and confined river segments. River Research and Applications 30: 617–630.

Benjamin, J.R., F. Lepori, C.V. Baxter, and K.D. Fausch. 2013. Can replacement of native by non-native trout alter stream-riparian food webs? Freshwater Biology 58:1694–1709.

Cross, W. F., C. V. Baxter, E. J. Rosi-Marshall, R. O. Hall, Jr., T. A. Kennedy, K. C. Donner, S.E.Z. Seegert, H. A. W. Kelly, M.D. Yard, and K.E. Behn. 2013. Foodweb dynamics in a large river discontinuum. Ecological Monographs 83:311-337.

Davis, J M., C.V. Baxter, B.T. Crosby, J.L. Pierce, E. J. Rosi-Marshall. 2013. Anticipating stream ecosystem responses to climate change: toward predictions that incorporate effects via land-water linkages. Ecosystems 16: 909–922.

Bellmore, J.R., C.V. Baxter, P.J. Connolly, and K. Martens. 2013. The floodplain food web mosaic: a study of its importance to Pacific salmon and steelhead with implications for their restoration. Ecological Applications 23:189–207.

Lepori, F., J.R. Benjamin, K.D. Fausch, and C.V. Baxter. 2012. Are invasive and native trout functionally-equivalent predators? Results and lessons from a field experiment. Aquatic Conservation: Marine and Freshwater Ecosystems 22: 787–798.

Mineau, M.M., C.V. Baxter, A.M. Marcarelli, G.W. Minshall. 2012. An invasive riparian tree reduces stream ecosystem efficiency via a recalcitrant organic matter subsidy. Ecology 93:1501–1508.

Bellmore, J. R., C.V. Baxter, A. Ray, L. Denny, E. Galloway, K. Tardy. 2012. Assessing the potential for salmon recovery via floodplain restoration: A multitrophic level comparison of dredge-mined to reference segments. Environmental Management 49:734-750.

Benjamin, J.R. and C.V. Baxter. 2012. Is a trout a trout? A range-wide comparison shows nonnative brook trout exhibit greater density, biomass, and production than native inland cutthroat trout. Biological Invasions 14:1865–1879.

Benjamin, J.R. K.D. Fausch, and C.V. Baxter. 2011. Species replacement by a nonnative salmonid alters ecosystem function by reducing prey subsidies that support riparian spiders. Oecologia 167(2):503-12.

Marcarelli A.M., Baxter C.V., Mineau M.M., and Hall R.O. 2011. Quantity and quality: unifying food web and ecosystem perspectives on the role of resource subsidies in freshwaters. Ecology 92: 1215-1225. DOI 10.1890/10-2240.1

Lance, M.J. and C.V. Baxter. 2011. Abundance, production, and tissue composition of mountain whitefish (Prosopium williamsoni) in a central Idaho wilderness stream. Northwest Science 85(3):445-454.

Torgersen, C.E., C.V. Baxter, J.L. Ebersole, and R.E. Gresswell. 2011. Incorporating spatial context into the analysis of salmon-habitat relationships. Gravel-bed Rivers: Processes, Tools, Environments, First Edition. Edited by Michael Church, Pascale M. Biron and Andre΄ Roy.

Cross, W.F., C.V. Baxter, K.C. Donner, E.J. Rosi-Marshall, T.A. Kennedy, R.O. Hall, Jr., H.W. Kelly, and R.S. Rogers. 2011. Ecosystem ecology meets adaptive management: food web response to a controlled flood on the Colorado River, Glen Canyon. Ecological Applications 21(6):2016–2033.

Yard, M.D., L.G. Coggins, C.V. Baxter, G.E. Bennett, and J.T. Korman. 2011. Trout piscivory in the Colorado River, Grand Canyon: Effects of turbidity, temperature, and fish prey availability. Transactions of the American Fisheries Society 140:471–486.

Mineau, M.M., C.V. Baxter, A.M. Marcarelli. 2011. A non-native riparian tree (Elaeagnus angustifolia) changes nutrient dynamics in streams. Ecosystems 14: 353-365.