The purpose of this form is to provide an efficient format for reporting multiple observations of amphibians and reptiles. If you would like to report observations in greater detail, please use the individual observation form or provide additional information on another sheet of paper attached to this form. Thank you.

Please include your name, affiliation, address, and phone number so we can contact you if we need further information, a copy of the photograph, etc.

Common Name/Species: Provide the common or scientific name of the animal if you are able to identify it. If you cannot identify it, please describe it as accurately as possible. Indicate life stage (adult, juveniles, larvae, or eggs). Use separate lines for different life stages. Include the exact or estimated number ( 1-10, 10-100, more than 100, etc.) observed.

Description: Briefly describe the animal so we can confirm your identification or so we can identify it from your description. Characteristics to note include size/length, shape, color, pattern (e.g., striped, banded, blotched, or unicolor), skin texture (e.g., smooth, shiny, rough, scaled, etc.), pupil shape (round or elliptical), and presence or absence of limbs and tail. See the identification cards or the references below for more information on identifying characteristics.

Date and Time.: Include the year and clearly distinguish between day and month (e.g., 6 June 1992). Include AM or PM or use military time.

Location: Be as accurate as possible. Try to describe the site so that someone else could relocate it from your directions. For example, in a small pond, 30 yards north of Highway X, 4.5 miles N and 3.3. miles east of a known landmark (junction, the center of a town, etc.). Please include the state, county, and exact coordinates if you know them (latitude and longitude, UTMs, or Range, Township, Section, quarter section, etc.). Accurate locality information can greatly enhance the value of your observations.

Habitat: Describe the major cover type (forested [needleleaf, broadleaf, or mixed], non-forested [alpine, grassland, shrubland, or barren], riparian and wetlands [forested or scrub-shrub riparian, marsh, pond , or lake], or developed land [agricultural or urban]). Also describe the immediate area around the animal (burrow, talus slope, stream bank, etc.).

Remarks: Include other relevant information concerning behavior, weather, etc. Behavioral descriptions are useful in identifying animals and are inherently interesting. For example, Was the animal moving or still? Did it crawl or jump or hop? Was it fast or slow? Was it trying to escape from you or was it hunting or feeding? Did it vocalize? What did it sound like? Useful weather information includes air temperature, water temperature, wind conditions, cloud cover, precipitation, etc. Indicate here if you photographed the animal.

Useful References

Baxter, G.T. and M.D. Stone. 1985. Amphibians and Reptiles of Wyoming. Second edition. Wyoming Game and Fish Dept. 137 pp.

Corkran, C.C. and C.R. Thoms. 1996. Amphibians of Oregon, Washington, and British Columbia - A Field Identification Guide.
Lone Pine Publishing, Vancouver, British Columbia. [very complete]

Leonard, W.P., H.A. Brown, L.C. Jones, K.R. McAllister, and R.M. Storm. 1993. Amphibians of Washington and Oregon. Seattle Audubon Society,
Seattle, Washington. [excellent color photographs]

Nussbaum, R.A. E.D. Brodie, and R.M. Storm. 1983. Amphibians and reptiles of the Pacific Northwest. University of Idaho Press, Moscow. 332
pp. [The best general source of information on the amphibians and reptiles of Idaho]

Koch, E.D. and C.R. Peterson. 1996. Amphibians and Reptiles of Yellowstone and Grand Teton National Parks. University of Utah Press. 188 pp.

Stebbins, R.C. 1985. A field guide to western reptiles and amphibians. Houghton Mifflin Co., Boston. 336 pp. [The best field guide to the
amphibians and reptiles of the western United States]

Storm, R.M., W.P. Leonard, H.A. Brown, R.B. Bury, D.M. Darda, L.V. Diller, and C.R. Peterson. 1995. Reptiles of Washington and Oregon. Seattle Audubon
Society Trailside Series. 176 pp. [excellent color photographs]

Please send completed forms to: Dr. Chuck Peterson

Idaho Museum of Natural History
Box 8007, Idaho State University
Pocatello, Idaho 83209

(208) 236-3922 office 236-4570 FAX Internet:


(26 January 1998)
Phone Number
See the instructions for filling out the Amphibian and Reptile Individual Observation Form for details on what information to provide.